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2022 will be remembered as the year cannabis seed laws were re-interpreted, effectively legalizing interstate weed seeds. In April 2022, the Drug enforcement agency (DEA) released a letter clarifying the legality of cannabis seeds. Shane Pennington, a lawyer wrote the DEA, arguing that since a cannabis seed itself contains less than 0.3% THC, they should be considered hemp, which was legalized as part of the 2018 Farm Bill, which defined hemp and cannabis in relation to a threshold limit of Delta 9 THC present.
Pennington argued that although cannabis seeds can eventually turn into cannabis, in seed form they clearly have less than the 0.3% THC threshold to be deficed as weed. This is true of regular, femiized, and autoflower cannabis seeds.
Terrence L. Boos, chief of DEA”s Drug & Chemical Evaluation Section replied in a letter, dated January 6, 2022-
“Accordingly, marihuana seed that has a delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis meets the definition of ‘hemp’ and thus is not controlled under the CSA,”. “Conversely, marihuana seed having a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis is controlled in schedule I under the CSA as marihuana.”
However, the letter from the DEA’s Mr. Boos is an “official determination” and not considered a law. The legality of buying and transporting cannabis seeds across state lines is still murky, but the DEA’s position seems to pave the way for more relaxed laws related to weed seeds.
The result is a profound change for cannabis seed sales which in turn will spread sought-after regional genetics-mostly from California, across the country and even the world. Commercial cannabis cultivators and home growers can now both source their seeds from all over the country, and not have to worry about breaking federal law. Previously, cannabis seeds have been restricted to the state in which they were produced, so a strain bred and grown in one state could not legally cross State lines.
Now that seeds are legal to ship all across the country below is more detailed information regarding the different types of cannabis seeds available for purchase. And where to buy weed seeds.
Regular weed seeds come in both male and female. Only female seeds produce bud, so if growing from regular seeds the plants will need to be sexed-out, meaning all the male flower needs to be pulled as soon as there’s an inclination it’s a male. Male plants don’t produce flower or bud, they only produce more seeds. And if not pulled in time, male cannabis plants will pollenate nearby females resulting in seeded bud.
Most breeders prefer regular photoperiod seeds, is they tend to have stronger traits as opposed to feminized or autoflower seeds, which have been endlessly backcrossed which amounts to in-breeding. So for cross-breading and developing new strains, regular seeds are used almost exclusively given the stronger genetics.
Feminized seeds are intentionally bred to eliminate male chromosomes and thus are guaranteed to produce only bud-making females. This eliminates the need to sex-out male plants once you’ve thrown seeds in the dirt.
Feminized seeds provide the benefit of predictability and efficiency to large commercial cultivators and novice home growers alike. It cannot be understated how much damage a single, undetected male plant plant can have on a harvest. At best, even a sparsely seeded crop is far less valuable, most seeded crops are virtually useless and considered a total losses. When growing from seed (as opposed to clones) for commercial purposes or even good smoke, feminized seeds are the choice for most informed growers.
Autoflower seeds have been bred to shift from the vegetative stage to flowering based on age, rather than changes to the light cycle. The reason for this is an abbreviated growth cycle, which can be as short as 2 months to harvest. The lure of Autoflower plants are generally much smaller as they begin to flower within weeks. The short growth cycle also leads to a generally less potent resulting bud.
The story behind autoflower seeds is an interesting one. Cannabis ruderalis is Cannabis Sativa subspecies native to part of Asia, Eastern Europe- namely Russia, and some Nordic regions. A very low THC varietal, Ruderalis are relatively small and spindly plants that are know to grow in adverse conditions. Developing in colder regions of the world where less light is available forced the plant to adapt to the harsh conditions and evolved to develop the ability to flower on its own terms. Rather than rely on Nature, Ruderalis unique trait to begin flowering automatically rather than being prompted by the photoperiod like Indicas and Sativas. So crossing Indicas and Sativas with ruderalis has yielded the modern, fast flowering, lower potency autoflower cultivars.
Bud partners with Hempshop, an online dispensary which offers a wide variety of new and traditional cannabis strain seeds including feminized and autoflower seeds from breeders in Northern Cali’s famed Humboldt and Santa Cruz counties. Hempshop ships to every State in the Country. using the United States Postal Service. Never in history has it been easier to buy weed seeds for specific strains directly from U.S. based breeders. Specifically, Caifornia’s iconic gentics can be legally shipped all over the country via online stores now using reputable, mainstream payment providers and discrete 1-3 day shipping options available directly to your door- much like an average Amazon purchase.